PhilSCAT hybrid rice proves adaptability in Central Visayas

PhilSCAT 9, a public hybrid rice variety also known as Mestiso 82 (M82) proved its adaptability in Visayas in the recently conducted 7th National Rice Technology Forum (NRTF), held in Talibon, Bohol on September 19-21, 2018.

According to Carlos C. Abon, Jr., PhD., technology products and development division chief of PhilSCAT, Mestiso 82 is one of the high yielding variety adaptable to Bohol together with other public and private hybrid rice seeds planted in the demonstration area situated at Barangay San Jose, Talibon, Bohol.

“No significant infestation of insects, pest and diseases; and no logging occurrence,” he added.

M82, registered as National Seed Industry Council (NSIC) Rc490H was released in 2017 with 111 days of maturity and maximum yield of 11.9 tons per hectare.

It is recommended in Luzon and Visayas with an irrigated lowland environment on dry and wet season. Based on NSIC, data showed that PhilSCAT 9 milling potential are 50.5% head rice (fair) with 70.7% total milled rice (premium) and 78.3% of brown rice (grade 1).

This slender grain has 14.5% amylose and 7.8% protein content. Based on the survey conducted, it is 100% acceptable when cooked.

Meanwhile, PhilSCAT 12 was also transplanted in the area with exemplary performance noted by PhilSCAT hybrid rice experts, Val Garcia and Christian Guerrero.

Based on their sampling, 331 filled grains were counted in a single tiller with 10 tillers per hill, the expected average yield will be as high as 12 metric tons per hectare.

“Maganda itong palay na ito, nakatago at hindi iibonin ang bunga. Ang naani ko ay 40 cavans sa 1,720 square meters na palayan ko,” said Vecenta O. Rodriguez, 68, farmer-cooperator.

Moreover, Garcia observed PhilSCAT 12 was infected with bacterial leaf blight (BLB) during maturity stage, however no significant yield loss were incurred since spikelet were already developed.

“Majority of hybrid rice are susceptible to BLB. It is prevalent in both irrigated and rain fed conditions particularly during wet season,” Garcia explained.

“PhilSCAT 12 is not yet a released variety, it is still under the National Cooperative Testing (NCT) for its last trial for 2017 wet season. We are expecting its approval as a variety after the deliberation of the Rice Technical Working Group (RTWG) and Rice Varietal Improved Group (RVIG) with the recommendation of NSIC on October 2019,” said Abon.

Along with PhilSCAT 9 and 12, 25 high yielding hybrid rice varieties from public and private seed companies were planted in the 24 hectares demonstration field area.

Rice Techno-demo and Forum

The three-day rice technology demonstration and forum was participated by 3,000 attendees composed of rice farmers, agricultural extension workers, young agriculturist, students, researchers, LGU officials and DA employees from all over the country.

Regional Executive Director of the Department of Agriculture-Regional Field Office VII (DA-RFO VII), Atty. Salvador D. Diputado, LL.M., Ph.D., Talibon municipal mayor, Restituto B. Auxtero, acting provincial agriculturist, Larry M. Pamugas, Abellon Damalerio representing governor Edgar M. Chatto, Rice Board president, Recher E. Ondap, Department of Agriculture (DA) National Rice Program adviser, Santiago R. Obien, Ph.D., Carlos C. Abon, Jr, PhD., chief, technology products and development division of PhilSCAT, managers of public and private seed companies graced the 7th NRTF.

On his message, Auxtero encouraged the Bohol rice farmers to use hybrid rice to increase their production. “This will contribute in the increase of the over-all production yield of Bohol from 3.9 to 5 metric tons,” he said.

Meanwhile, Damalerio from the provincial government of Bohol gave his appreciation to all the people behind the event. “Thank you for the effort in showcasing the latest production technologies which will give an increase in production yield of the farmers,” he said.

“We are one in this advocacy and that is to bring rice sufficiency not just here in Bohol but in our country. We will continue to support the DA in its future activities for us bring rice sufficiency in the province,” Damalerio added.

According to Diputado, aside from municipality of Talibon, other site were also considered such as Ubay, Pilar and San Miguel but Secretary Emmanuel Piñol wants to pilot the project as it showcase different seeds giving good performance in a site specific location in Talibon.

After the actual yield report, seeds companies who have the highest yield will be recommended to farmers of Central Visayas.

Various topics were presented during the technology forum in the afternoon which included Hybrid Rice Technology discussed by Richard Romanillos, senior science research specialist of PhilRice, while rice program focal person, Engr. Antonio S. Du, explained DA programs and services.

PhilSCAT Director Emmanuel V. Sicat, PhD., also had an opportunity to present PhilSCAT banner programs –the mechanized hybrid rice production and biogas technology.

Rice board president reiterated the team’s goal which is to ensure continued growth and competitiveness of the Philippine rice industry through the promotion of modern rice technology and foster closer working relationship with all sectors involved in the industry.

Lastly on his message, “we have to make sure that modern technologies be promoted and commercialized to attain an increase in production. We will continue to find modern ways to increase the production yield in rice to attain sufficiency,” Ondap said.
NRTF is held in different regions twice a year to give farmers a wide variety of choices and help them achieve the highest yield possible through the use of hybrid rice coupled with modern technology. RRCarbonel

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